Tag Archives: Dick Woodward

How We Got the Bible (Part 1)

“We should not imagine a committee of church fathers with a large pile of books and these five guiding principles before them when we speak of the process of canonization. No ecumenical committee was commissioned to canonize the Bible.”

Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, From God To Us Revised and Expanded: How We Got Our Bible

The Ecumenical Council

The Ecumenical Council by Salvador Dali, 1960


Our church’s Statement of Faith is pretty minimal. We only list eight core beliefs, the second of which states that we believe “in the inspiration of all the Scriptures by the Holy Spirit, and that they are the final authority for our faith and practice.”

“…final authority for our faith and practice?” Really?!

Our founders didn’t draft up this idea—it is delineated in the historic confessions of the Christian church. Consider the absolute implications of this statement. It means the Bible contains the foundations for Christian faith and practice, and that we are bound to it in all matters. We don’t get to impart our personal, alternative views. We don’t get to cherry pick which parts we like or which parts we would write differently. We don’t get to interpret what it says in ways that are contradictory to it. When we disagree with someone else’s view or interpretation, we submit to the final authority of the Bible. No appeals. We believe the Bible comprises God’s special revelation to us.

If you’ve been reading Veracity for any length of time, you know that we are big on personal discipleship—which we define as the process in which a believer or seeker takes personal responsibility for investigating the claims and content of the Bible. Personal Discipleship is based on the Bible.

Exactly how did we get the Bible?

Welcome to our latest Veracity series.  If you’re like me or Salvador Dali you may have developed some loose derivative notions such as:

  • God told a select group of human authors what to write,
  • Their writings were evaluated by committees of men in silly hats,
  • These ecumenical councils voted on which writings would be in “the Bible,” and
  • Later ecumenical councils clarified and solidified the final selection (and some modified it).

In fact, if you read what Wikipedia has to say about Ecumenical Councils it sounds like a pretty cut-and-dried historical process. But is that all there is to it? For that matter are these notions even correct? Are we to live our lives under the complete authority of documents that were assembled by ancient and medieval committees? How do we know that the Bible we hold in our hands today is what God intended for us to have? What if it was corrupted in its translations or transmission? How do we know that we have the right books, and why do we disagree along denominational lines about what should be included in the ‘Holy’ Bible?

In preparing for this series I read a lot of texts that come at these questions from a canonical perspective (focusing on how the official list of biblical texts was created and adopted). I must confess, that was originally my interest as well. But Drs. Norman Geisler and William Nix have a more comprehensive, full-orbed understanding, which they explain in From God To Us Revised and Expanded: How We Got Our Bible. So let’s dig in and see what these and other scholars have to bring to our understanding of how we got the Bible.


Over the course of this series we will look at the inspiration, canonization, transmission, and translation of the Bible. But before we dive into the topic of inspiration here’s a Mini Bible College audio clip from Dick Woodward to give us the big picture.

Dick did a masterful job summarizing the basics for us, and Geisler and Nix will delve more deeply into the details (particularly when we get to the process of canonization). We’ll go slowly and see what we can learn about the book that comprises the authoritative basis for our Christian faith and practice.

Additional Resources

From God To UsNorman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, From God To Us Revised and Expanded: How We Got Our Bible.

Michael J. Kruger, The Question of Canon: Challenging the Status Quo in the New Testament Debate.

Dick Woodward, Mini Bible College Audio Download.

Robert Laird Harris, Inspiration and Canonicity of the Bible: An Historical and Exegetical Study.

Jack P. Lewis, Jamnia After Forty Years.

Brooke Foss Westcott, A General Survey of the History of the Canon of the New Testament during the First Four Centuries.



Podcasts for the Thinking Christian

Plumb LineJohn’ s recent post on William Lane Craig’s Defender Series of podcasts brought to mind that I should update my list of recommended podcasts for the thinking Christian (here is an earlier list John and I have discussed).  I do not have the time to read books as much as I would like, but the marvel of MP3 players is that I can download audio files and listen to them while I work in the yard or drive to and from work.

John’s suggestion of William Lane Craig as the “graduate school” for the next step following after Dick Woodward’s Mini Bible College is very appropriate. Dick was an amazing teacher who continues to impact the world through his unique ability to “put things on the bottom shelf” for people by exploring the basic contours of the Bible. Dr. Craig then makes it more in-depth in terms of helping you grasp and develop your own understanding of God (theology) founded on Scripture and then applied in terms of being able to offer a rational defense of the Christian faith (apologetics).

But just as there are fine and different academic graduate schools out there, there are different “graduate school” approaches to theology and apologetics. For example, Dr. Craig is probably one of the leading Christian apologists alive today, such that atheist Richard Dawkins awkwardly still refuses to debate him. But Dr. Craig is known for his “Middle Knowledge” approach to the issue of God’s sovereignty vs. free will. He is also known for his classical/evidentialist approach to apologetics.  Without digging too much into those things right now, let me just say that not everybody is totally with Dr. Craig on these issues. But, PLEASE, do not let that dissuade you from digging into William Lane Craig! He is awesome! It is just important to know that there are other approaches that Christians take to these issues. You might want to check out some of the other podcast resources available to get a flavor of what is out there. So here we go!

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Resurrection: Dick Woodward

Dick Woodward

Dick Woodward. Evidence #1 for the Hope and Truth of the Resurrection.

My favorite Dick Woodward story goes back to my days just out of college, about 25 years ago. Dick and I met for lunch at Taco Bell. After I had taken his scooter out of the car and we got into the restaurant, Dick immediately ordered five large tacos.  I leaned over to Dick and said, “You know, I am not really in the mood for tacos, as I was just hoping to get a quesadilla or two“. Dick, in his most charming way, replied, “Well, actually I was just ordering for myself.”

The man could put away some food.

If you have not read John Paine’s tribute to Dick Woodward yet, I would encourage you to do so. Today, our church held a service celebrating the life and legacy of Dick Woodward. I have a few thoughts of my own to add…
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Joy: Tim Hansel

An introductory note: Before Dick Woodward died on March 8, 2014, Dick asked me to write a tribute to Tim Hansel here on Veracity. Not too long after Dick Woodward realized that he would never walk again in the 1980s, Dick started to read Tim Hansel’s books. They made a huge impact. As you consider Tim Hansel’s example, you might see why Dick thought that this story is so important and still needs to be told… Clarke Morledge

Tim Hansel (1941-2009). Adventurer, friend of high school kids, …. and sufferer of unbearable chronic pain.

Tim Hansel (1941-2009). Adventurer, friend of high school kids, …. and sufferer of unbearable chronic pain. Tim is on the right in the middle photo (photo credit: SummitAdventure)

I never met Tim Hansel. He was speaking at a Young Life staff conference back in 1990 and I missed his talk. But I got a cassette tape later of his message. As I was listening to him make jokes left and right throughout his talk, I thought to myself that this guy was a real character. I was laughing right along with him, … until he was telling his listeners that he was living in continuous chronic pain.
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The Wisest, Most Encouraging, Toughest Man I Ever Met

Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you stood your ground in a great contest in the face of suffering.

So do not throw away your confidence; it will be richly rewarded. You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will receive what he has promised.
Hebrews 10:32, 35-36 (NIV84)

Dick Woodward

Dick Woodward

The wisest man I ever met went home yesterday.

Our regular readers know how much Clarke and I have been shaped by Dick Woodward’s ministry. It would have been impossible for us to have any kind of teaching ministry—blog or otherwise— without sharing what we learned from him. His occupational title was ‘pastor’, but he saw himself, perhaps first and foremost, as a teacher.

There will be many fine tributes in the days ahead, and I am not a good enough writer to do him justice. But I will share some personal remembrances as a small way of saying ‘thanks’.


Dick Woodward helped found and pastor both the Virginia Beach Community Chapel, where he served 23 years, and the Williamsburg  Community Chapel, where he remained as pastor emeritus until his passing. His relationship with (don’t skip this hyperlink) Dois Rosser, the founder of International Cooperating Ministries (ICM), made it possible for Dick to realize his dream of  “The Whole Word for the Whole World.” His Mini Bible College program has been translated into 31 strategic languages and is used around the world to nurture believers and assist in church growth. MBC is a survey, book, and topical study of the Bible that teaches practical and devotional applications of every book of the Bible to our lives.

In 1980 Dick was diagnosed with a degenerative disease of the spinal cord that eventually left him a bedfast quadriplegic. In spite of this disease he remained active in small groups, mentoring, and writing Bible study materials. He was an avid blogger and a meticulous and prolific writer, and produced his ambitious Marketplace Disciples in December, 2013. He often said, “The less I can do, the more the Lord does.”

ICM publishes his books, study guides, and pamphlets on multiple websites, including Amazon, and the ICM Shop, and serves his extensive audio catalog on One Place, iTunes, The Mini Bible College, and To Learn To Live. ICM used Dick’s Mini Bible college to construct and support over 4,500 churches in 66 countries.  They held a 25th Anniversary celebration in 2011 to celebrate God’s blessing of this remarkable ministry.

Personal Remembrances

Being around him was like taking a spiritual shower. He was always upbeat and encouraging—unquestionably the most steadfast, most faithful, and toughest man I ever met. I never saw him down, and never heard him say an unkind word about anyone. Never.

In no particular order, here are a few remembrances and impressions for which I am grateful.

  • If Dick had not been a pastor, I am certain he would have been a comedian. He started every sermon with a joke, and most of them were very funny. There was a method to his joke telling—people didn’t want to miss the beginning of his sermons for fear they would miss the joke.
  • He was completely self-deprecating. When I started attending his church I was taken by his descriptions of shooting rats in a landfill, stray bullets, and snatching a parishioner by the collar. This guy was for real. He described himself as a ‘barbarian’ in his teenage years. He wasn’t what I thought preachers were like. Again, I am extremely grateful.
  • Dick had a very sharp mind. He had memorized over 100 hymns and countless lines of Scripture. I always hesitated to cite a chapter and verse with him, because if I missed, he could call me out. He never did.
  • He loved Scripture songs. I can vividly recall his a cappella voice leading the congregation in “Jesus is Lord of Heaven and Earth,” from his wheelchair, with Jane Hanson and Gayla Johnson making my neck tingle with their soprano runs from the seats behind me. Wow, what I wouldn’t give to hear that again!
  • He loved the Pittsburg Steelers, sports, and generally anything to do with Pittsburg (where he grew up).
  • In recent years Dick and I would meet under the guise of helping him with his computer. His doctors and caregivers said he had to limit his time with visitors to save energy, and I was always looking at my watch, but he loved to talk. Even when he had to struggle to do so. He was diagnosed with sleep apnea a year or two ago, and his BiPAP therapy gave him a second wind (literally). There were times when he just wouldn’t stop talking.
  • Dick would not miss any opportunity to teach people about the Bible and about Jesus Christ. One of the things I set up for him was the automatic signature for his outgoing emails. Tonight, it seems like a fitting epitaph. It read:

Dick Woodward
Founder & Teacher
Mini Bible College
4 Spiritual Secrets

“And I am sure that God, who began the good work within you, will continue his work…
For God is working in you, giving you the desire to obey him and the power to do what pleases him.”
(Philippians 1:6; 2:13, NLT)

  • He was encouraging; some would say to a fault. If anyone went to him and said they wanted to become a brain surgeon, Dick would encourage them, regardless. There were no limits, just positive support. Dick truly believed that God could do anything with anyone—as expressed in his email signature.
  • I have listened to thousands of hours of his preaching and teaching, and his lessons are quite ingrained. When I began teaching adults, Dick’s material was my plumb line. It always will be. When I am blogging and find myself getting on a high horse, I ask myself “what would Dick say or think about that?” The result is typically a deletion of smarmy words and comments, and a softening of my attitude.
  • Dick was so humble. I remember reading one of Clarke’s statements that, “C.S. Lewis never systematized his theology,” and began wondering why Dick never systematized his theology. When I came to my senses I realized Dick had completely systematized his theology—it’s called “The Four Spiritual Secrets.”
  • Dick said he really didn’t get C.S. Lewis. He once told me he thought Lewis made things too complicated. “I’ve spent my ministry trying to make things simple so people can understand.” Every time I catch myself wanting to toss in an extra big word in my writing, I hear Dick’s echo.
  • He was a fierce writer. He had editors for his published books, and he would send them drafts, and when the editor’s comments came back Dick was persistent and insistent. Man, he worked over sentences! It was an amazing thing to watch because he had to draw in a breath and push hard to make the voice-activation work. It took a lot of voice commands to revise his text, particularly when, as he would say, his “computer was having a bad day.” It was exhausting, but he did it because the words really mattered to him.
  • He knew all the big names in Christianity. I would tell him about a video I saw on Robertson McQuilkin, and Dick would start talking about what kind of cook Muriel McQuilkin was, and how they used to come visit Dick in Williamsburg. Dick studied under Robertson McQuilkin—and Howard Hendricks (Dick affectionately remembered him as ‘Howie’). Bill Bright and Ravi Zacharias came to see him. He arranged to have John Stott come speak. He worked under J. Vernon McGee. He studied at Biola and Columbia University.
  • For all his publishing and ministerial work, Dick never tried to cash in. He once told me that he and Ginny hated “that sort of thing” (meaning where people made God’s Word less accessible by charging for it, and even worse, trying to profit from its distribution). He said everything he did was intentionally in the public domain. His publishers still need payment for their efforts, but that’s the way he truly felt about what he was doing.
  • Dick’s dad worked multiple jobs to support his family through the Great Depression, including driving a cab at night. Dick got his work ethic from his dad, as well as his love of the Scriptures (which you can read about here). His family is tight. It always has been—never under the circumstances.

There’s much more to be grateful for, but most of that will be documented by others and is available in his published materials and audio resources. Dick persevered, with grace, with humility, and with great joy, through all things. He trusted his favorite verse, Romans 8:28, and he clearly demonstrated that he knew whom he believed:

“That is why I am suffering as I am. Yet I am not ashamed, because I know whom I have believed, and am convinced that he is able to guard what I have entrusted to him for that day.”
2 Timothy 1:12 (NIV84)

Thanks to Dick’s hard work and dedication, we can all share that trust with confidence and greater understanding.

Video Remembrances

ICM produced the following “Meet the Man” video on Dick and his ministry.

Here is Ravi Zacharias describing how Dick inspired him. (Ravi’s  meeting with Dick starts at 2:09 in the video.)


Dick’s Family

This is where I really start to get choked up. This is where the love of God and personal sacrifice were most demonstrated for all of us. Dick’s family took care of Dick when his body failed. Without asking for help. For decades they steadfastly sacrificed to do everything, EVERYTHING, for Dick. Their love for each other and their devotion to Dick, Ginny, and each other was completely unflappable. To say it was “truly inspiring to witness that kind of love” is completely inadequate. I really have no words—and tears are streaming down my face as I type.

HT: All I can think to offer is, “Thank you God.”

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